Black Lives Matter is the most significant civil movement in American history. Local BLM chapters have been form across the country since 2013 to demand. That police and other officers held accountable for the deaths of numerous African Americans. The movement has gained new prominence, funding, and scrutiny since the summer 2020, when thousands marched in protest of George Floyd’s death by a Minneapolis police officer.
BLM has been long consider a decentralize, coordinate effort. The movement and its leaders have become more traditional and more hierarchical over the years. BLM chapters are calling for more accountability from the movement’s leaders. Two scholars from worldwide African cultures and communities, Kwasi Konadu (left) and Bright Gyamfi (right), joined us to discuss BLM as a movement and organization.
What Was The Original Structure For Black Lives Matter?
Black Lives Matter found in 2013 as a message campaign. Three activists OpalTometi, Alicia Garza, and PatrisseCullors protested George Zimmerman’s 2012 acquittal for killing Trayvon Martin as a Black teenager. The hashtag #BlackLivesMatter was create by Cullors and gain widespread popularity on social media as well as in street protests.
The Black Lives Matter hashtags, signs, and flags became increasingly common in protests for Black lives. This messaging campaign evolved into a social movement that demanded accountability for the police brutality and killings of Black people.
Although the movement not centralized, there some notable, formal BLM-relate organisations that emerge in this period. Cullors and Tometi created the Black Lives Matter Network in 2013. This network was establish to help the many Black Lives Matter chapters, which being organize locally, share resources and provide support.
The Movement for Black Lives (or M4BL) was formed in 2014 as an independent, but relate, coalition of dozens if not all Black activist organizations, such as the Black Lives Matter Network. The Black Lives Matter Network was transform into the Black Lives Matter Global Network Foundation in 2017. It was co-found and directed by Tometi, Cullors, until her resignation in May 2021. The group is describe as a global foundation supporting Black-led movements.
What Has Changed In The Structure Of Black Lives Matter Since Then?
Although the Black Lives Matter Global Network Foundation claims it is decentralized in its operations, it has been operating in a similar fashion to other social movements that are driven by individuals or organizations. It has evolved into a more traditional hierarchical organization with centralized operations and leadership. Its founders have received awards, book deals, and public notoriety.
BLM Global Network Foundation does not have a publicly available source of funding. It also has never relied solely on individual donations or grassroots support. It is therefore dependent on foundation and corporate money to fund its programs and operations. The BLM Global Network Foundation received grants or donations of approximately US$90 million from foundations and corporations during the George Floyd uprisings.
The Movement for Black Lives (which calls itself anti-capitalist and decentralized) also raised millions in 2020. This included $100 million from Ford Foundation. In total, companies pledged nearly $2 billion to BLM-related causes for 2020. However, less information is available about pledges for 2021.
Many frontline Black Lives Matters chapters are struggling to keep their feet on the ground. Some chapters have called for greater financial transparency, more democratic decision-making by national leaders at BLM Global Network Foundation, and a share of funds raised by national groups.
Others have disavowed Black Lives Matter Network, and decamped from it. They now focus on community fundraising and organizing to support them work.
What Is The Public’s Opinion On The BLM Movement And How Has It Changed?
Although the expression Black Lives Matter is a familiar phrase, it is experiencing a decline in public support. A new Civiqs survey of 244,622 voters found that support for BLM dropped from two-thirds in June 2020, to half in June 2021. This shift could be partly due to increasing public awareness about the movement’s internal struggles such as competing visions, competition over scarce resources, and questions about whether certain BLM leaders have used donations to their own benefit.
This evolution of Black Lives Matters is it typical of social movements. Do you have other examples? Conflicts and tensions are part of all social movements, even BLM. Peoples of African descent have to face a unique challenge when they try to raise funds and take action from the same corporate and white power structures that profit from the suffering of Black people. For instance, President Lyndon B. Johnson is best remembered for his 1964 Civil Rights Act passage, but he frequently referred to the 1957 version as the nigger Bill when he spoke with Southern white supremacists.
McDonald’s Corporation Part
McDonald’s Corp is another example. Corporation partnered with U.S. civil right organizations in 1968 after Martin Luther King Jr.’s death. McDonald’s claimed that its African American-owned franchises were following King’s civil rights agenda in order to empower the Black community.
Marcia Chatelain, historian, says that instead of enabling economic freedom McDonald’s has placed a burden on the Black community by paying low wages, limiting franchises, and causing high rates of obesity and diabetes. McDonald’s has enjoyed a loyal African American customer base. This is more because African Americans eat more fast food than any other race according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
It is not new to have money influence social movements such as the civil right movement. White liberal foundations and organizations funded the civil rights movement, which included the 1963 March on Washington. Similar funding was also provided by foundations and white liberal organizations to BLM protests in the summer 2020. The Ford Foundation and Borealis Philanthropy have recently created the Black-Led Movement Fund. This fund raises money for Movement for Black Lives.
Malcolm X’s analysis of the 1963 March on Washington brought to light the influence that white philanthropy had over “black” social injustice organizations. This was especially true when it came to funding. James Baldwin agreed with Malcolm’s analysis and said that the March had been co-opt https://18.104.22.168/togel-online/bandar/palapatoto/.
Does It Make Any Sense To You What Structure Black Lives Matter
Based on research on civil rights-Black power organisations and Black internationalism, we believe that BLM would benefit greatly from a starfish organizational structure. Starfish-like organizations are distributed networks without a head. Intelligence is distributed throughout an open system that adapts to changing circumstances. The network is not affected if a leader is ousted.
The U.S. BLM organizers are divided into different groups but all are linked to the Movement for Black Lives coalition. This is a spider analogy. Spiderlike organizations are similar to starfish structures. Information and power are concentrated at their top, while they operate under the direction of a central leader. [You are smart and curious about the world. The Conversation’s editors and authors are the same. Subscribe to our newsletter to receive the latest news and updates.
Many Republican-led states drafted a new set of anti-protest laws in response to the 2020 protests against racism following George Floyd’s death. This suggests that BLM could be more resilient if they adopted the starfish approach. Black Lives Matter leaders want to appeal to a diverse audience to end white supremacy. However, they fail to recognize that widespread anti-Black violence is the “engine that powers” white supremacy. This makes it difficult for broad coalitions to be effective.